Prostitution Laws of New Mexico



30-9-2: Prostitution
30-9-3: Patronizing prostitutes
30-9-4: Promoting prostitution
30-9-4.1: Accepting earnings of a prostitute
30-9-5: Order for medical examination and treatment
30-9-6: Testimony of witnesses to prostitution and lewdness
30-9-7: Evidence
30-9-8: House of prostitution; public nuisance
30-9-9: Remedy of lessor

30-9-2: Prostitution
Prostitution consists of knowingly engaging in or offering to engage in a sexual act for hire.

As used in this section "sexual act" means sexual intercourse, cunnilingus, fellatio, masturbation of another, anal intercourse or the causing of penetration to any extent and with any object of the genital or anal opening of another, whether or not there is any emission.

Whoever commits prostitution is guilty of a petty misdemeanor, unless such crime is a second or subsequent conviction, in which case such person is guilty of a misdemeanor.

30-9-3: Patronizing prostitutes
Patronizing prostitutes consists of:

A. entering or remaining in a house of prostitution or any other place where prostitution is practiced, encouraged or allowed with intent to engage in a sexual act with a prostitute; or

B. knowingly hiring or offering to hire a prostitute, or one believed by the offeror to be a prostitute, to engage in a sexual act with the actor or another.

As used in this section, "a sexual act" means sexual intercourse, cunnilingus, fellatio, masturbation of another, anal intercourse or the causing of penetration to any extent and with any object of the genital or an anal opening of another whether or not there is any emission.

Whoever commits patronizing prostitutes is guilty of a petty misdemeanor, unless such crime is a second or subsequent conviction, in which case such person is guilty of a misdemeanor.

30-9-4: Promoting prostitution
Promoting prostitution consists of any person, acting other than as a prostitute or patron of a prostitute:

A. knowingly establishing, owning, maintaining or managing a house of prostitution or a place where prostitution is practiced, encouraged or allowed, or participating in the establishment, ownership, maintenance or management thereof;

B. knowingly entering into any lease or rental agreement for any premises which a person partially or wholly owns or controls, knowing that such premises are intended for use as a house of prostitution or as a place where prostitution is practiced, encouraged or allowed;

C. knowingly procuring a prostitute for a house of prostitution or for a place where prostitution is practiced, encouraged or allowed;

D. knowingly inducing another to become a prostitute;

E. knowingly soliciting a patron for a prostitute or for a house of prostitution or for any place where prostitution is practiced, encouraged or allowed;

F. knowingly procuring a prostitute for a patron and receiving compensation therefor;

G. knowingly procuring transportation for, paying for the transportation of or transporting a person within the state with the intention of promoting that person's engaging in prostitution;

H. knowingly procuring through promises, threats, duress or fraud any person to come into the state or causing a person to leave the state for the purpose of prostitution; or

I. under pretense of marriage, knowingly detaining a person or taking a person into the state or causing a person to leave the state for the purpose of prostitution.

Whoever commits promoting prostitution is guilty of a fourth degree felony.

30-9-4.1: Accepting earnings of a prostitute
Accepting the earnings of a prostitute consists of accepting, receiving, levying or appropriating money or anything of value, without consideration, from the proceeds of the earnings of a person engaged in prostitution with the knowledge that the person is engaged in prostitution and that the earnings are derived from engaging in prostitution, or knowingly owning or knowingly managing a house or other place where prostitution is practiced or allowed and living or deriving support or maintenance, in whole or in part, from the earnings or proceeds of a person engaged in prostitution at that house or place.

Whoever commits accepting the earnings of a prostitute is guilty of a fourth degree felony.

30-9-5: Order for medical examination and treatment
In addition to its general sentencing authority, the court may order any defendant convicted of prostitution or patronizing prostitutes to be examined for venereal disease and shall sentence any diseased defendant to submit to medical treatment until he is discharged from treatment as noninfectious. If the defendant is without funds to pay for medical treatment, it shall be provided by the state department of public health [department of health].

30-9-6: Testimony of witnesses to prostitution and lewdness
In any investigation, proceeding, preliminary hearing or trial before any court, magistrate or grand jury concerning a violation of or an attempt to commit any crime in violation of Sections 9-11, 9-12 and 9-13 [ 30-9-2, 30-9-3 and 30-9-4 NMSA 1978] of this article, no person shall be excused from giving testimony or producing documentary or other evidence material to such investigation, proceeding, preliminary hearing or trial on the ground that the testimony or evidence required of him is incriminating evidence; provided that, any person who is so subpoenaed and ordered to testify or produce evidence concerning such crimes shall be immune to prosecution or conviction for any violation of such crimes about which he may testify.

30-9-7: Evidence
In any proceeding under Article 9 [ 30-9-1 to 30-9-9 NMSA 1978] or action to abate a public nuisance under Article 8 [ 30-8-1 to 30-8-4, 30-8-8 to 30-8-13 NMSA 1978], testimony about the following circumstances is admissible in evidence:

A. the general reputation of the place;

B. the reputation of the persons who reside in or frequent the place;

C. the frequency, timing and length of visits by nonresidents; and

D. prior convictions of the defendant or persons who reside in or frequent the place under Sections 9-11, 9-12 and 9-13 [ 30-9-2, 30-9-3 and 30-9-4 NMSA 1978] of this article or Sections 40-34-1 through 40-34-5 New Mexico Statutes Annotated, 1953 Compilation, or of any other offense of like nature wherever committed.

30-9-8: House of prostitution; public nuisance
As used in this section "house of prostitution" means a building, enclosure or place that is used for the purpose of prostitution as that crime is defined in Section 30-9-2 NMSA 1978. A house of prostitution is a public nuisance per se.

30-9-9: Remedy of lessor
If the lessee of property has been convicted of using it as a house of prostitution, or if the property has been adjudged to constitute a public nuisance for that reason, the lease by which the property is held is voidable by the lessor. The lessor shall have the same remedies for regaining possession as in the case of a tenant holding over his term.


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