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Avert, an organization specializing in HIV education, in an Aug. 29, 2017 resource titled "Sex Workers, HIV and AIDS," available from avert.org, wrote:

“It is argued that legalizing or decriminalizing sex work is beneficial to curbing the HIV epidemic because it allows governments to monitor and regulate the sex trade. In doing so, they can ensure that sex workers are empowered to negotiate condom use, improve their access to public services, and protect them from violence and abuse. Where sex workers are criminalized, they can be difficult to reach or unwilling to cooperate for fear of being arrested. By removing legal restrictions, HIV prevention programs could be carried out much more effectively.

Research evidence supports this argument. An analysis of data from 27 European countries found that in countries that have legalized some aspects of sex work there is a significantly lower HIV prevalence among sex workers compared to those countries where all aspects of sex work are criminalized.”

Aug. 29, 2017