Last updated on: 8/28/2013 | Author: ProCon.org

1913 – Bureau of Social Hygiene Forms

The Bureau of Social Hygiene was incorporated by John D. Rockefeller, Jr., in 1913 as a result of his service on a special grand jury to investigate white slavery in New York City in 1910. The purpose of the Bureau was “the study, amelioration, and prevention of those social conditions, crimes, and diseases which adversely affect the well-being of society, with special reference to prostitution and the evils associated therewith.”

“Within a few years, the Bureau of Social Hygiene commissioned and supported two important investigations: George Jackson Kneeland’s Commercialized Prostitution in New York City (1913) and Abraham Flexner’s researches into European methods of dealing with prostitution, Prostitution in Europe (1914). …[T]he bureau sponsored research on aspects of prostitution such as police systems, the need for women police, legal statutes, and court reform and produced a series of psychological studies of delinquent women.”